Recommended Nomenclature Instructions to Authors

Below is the information we would suggest you include in the “Instructions to Authors” section of your journal:

Authors should use approved gene nomenclature where this is available.

For human genes, please use symbols approved by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC). HGNC nomenclature can be queried at Approved human gene symbols should be obtained, prior to submission of your manuscript, from the HGNC via their website request form or by contacting the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC), European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire CB10 1SD, United Kingdom (e-mail: Please note that all prepublication data will be treated confidentially if requested.

The species listed below all have gene nomenclature committees. Please use the nomenclature they have approved by searching for gene symbols at the following links:

C. elegans:

The following paragraph of background information can be included where desired:

The HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) is responsible for approving and implementing unique human gene symbols and names, and works closely with other nomenclature groups and model organism databases. Considerable efforts are made to approve symbols acceptable to workers in the field, but sometimes it is not possible to use exactly what has previously appeared in the literature. In such cases the previously used symbols are listed as synonyms for the approved nomenclature in the HGNC database and NCBI Gene, to allow retrieval of all the information available for each gene.