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Gene Family: Cannabinoid receptors (CNR)

A subset of : Lipid like receptors

Cannabinoid receptor: The cannabinoid receptors are a class of cell membrane receptors under the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. As is typical of G protein-coupled receptors, the cannabinoid receptors contain seven transmembrane spanning domains. Cannabinoid receptors are activated by three major groups of ligands, endocannabinoids (produced by the mammalian body), plant cannabinoids (such as THC, produced by the cannabis plant) and synthetic cannabinoids (such as HU-210 ). All of the endocannabinoids and plant cannabinoids are lipophilic, i.e. fat soluble, compounds. There are currently two known subtypes, termed CB 1 and CB 2. The CB 1 receptor is expressed mainly in the brain ( central nervous system or "CNS"), but also in the lungs, liver and kidneys. The CB 2 receptor is expressed mainly in the immune system and in hematopoietic cells. Mounting evidence suggests that there are novel cannabinoid receptors that is, non-CB 1 and non-CB 2, which are expressed in endothelial cells and in the CNS. In 2007, the binding of several cannabinoids to a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) in the brain was described. The protein sequences of CB 1 and CB 2 receptors are about 44% similar. When only the transmembrane regions of the receptors are considered, amino acid similarity between the two receptor subtypes is approximately 68%. In addition, minor variations in each receptor have been identified. Cannabinoids bind reversibly and stereo-selectively to the cannabinoid receptors. Subtype selective cannabinoids have been developed which theoretically may have advantages for treatment of certain diseases such as obesity. [Source: Wikipedia]

Genes contained within the family: 2

Approved Symbol Approved Name Previous Symbols Synonyms Chromosome
CNR1 cannabinoid receptor 1 CNR CB1K5, CB-R, CB1, CANN6, CB1A 6q15
CNR2 cannabinoid receptor 2 CB2 1p36.11